Acid reflux — Acid reflux becomes gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) when it causes bothersome symptoms or injury to the esophagus. The amount of acid reflux required to cause GERD varies.
In general, damage to the esophagus is more likely to occur when acid refluxes frequently, the reflux is very acidic, or the esophagus is unable to clear away the acid quickly. The most common symptoms associated with acid reflux are heartburn, regurgitation, chest pain, and trouble swallowing. The treatments of GERD are designed to prevent one or all of these symptoms from occurring.
ACID REFLUX SYMPTOMS
People who experience heartburn at least two to three times a week may have gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. The most common symptom of GERD, heartburn, is estimated to affect 10 million adults in the United States on a daily basis. Heartburn is experienced as a burning sensation in the center of the chest, which sometimes spreads to the throat; there also may be an acid taste in the throat. Less common symptoms include:
●Stomach pain (pain in the upper abdomen)
●Non-burning chest pain
●Difficulty swallowing (called dysphagia), or food getting stuck
●Painful swallowing (called odynophagia)
●Persistent sore throat
●Chronic cough, new onset asthma, or asthma only at night
●Regurgitation of foods/fluids; taste of acid in the throat
●Sense of a lump in the throat
●Worsening dental disease
●Recurrent lung infections (called pneumonia)
●Waking up with a choking sensation
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